genus: PACHNODELLA Stichel 1922
species: impressa Goldfuss 1805
wild habitat: common species of eastern and central equatorial african bush, found on Protea sp.
origin: Malawi, Dedza, 3/2000 leg. Malec Petr
origin2: Tanzania
wild imago size: 18-25 mm
breeding difficulty: medium to difficult, cocoon diapause and oviposition are two main breeding troubles

species: marginella (Fabricius,1775)
wild habitat: common species of western and central Africa, predominantly forestal habitats
origin: Nigeria
origin2: Uganda, Mabira forest, 11/2006, leg. Petr Malec
origin3: Sierra Leone, Grafton env., V/2013, leg. Petr Malec
wild imago size: 16-21 mm
breeding difficulty: relatively easy for some populations, especially in first captive bred generation, for the following generations oviposition is often unachieved - beetles loose vitality

genus: DISCHISTA Burmeister 1842
species: cincta (de Geer, 1778)
remark: Ive never bred this species
wild habitat: common species of south african dry shrub savanna, larvae were found in cattle dung
origin: Namibia, photo: Charly Werner
wild imago size: 17-23 mm
breeding difficulty: Unknown. Attempts at captive breeding of this species have thus far been unsuccessful. Pupation and larvae feeding have been reported as the main problematic phases in captivity.

species: rufa (de Geer,1778)
wild habitat: Widely distributed chafer in Southern Africa. Species was observed usually on Acacia spp. trees.
origin: South Africa, Eastern Cape
wild imago size: 22-28 mm
breeding difficulty: Very difficult species to breed in the captivity. Larvae developed fast after successfully being fed with substrate containing substantial part of cow dung which they are reported to feed on in the wild. Nevertheless nearly all of them died in rapid succession around early third instar from unknown reasons. Only one larva pupated and was raised to adult. Species is typical to undergo prepupal dormancy lasting over six months.

Pachnodella impressa (>,>> Malawi; >>> Tanzania)
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